The Mediterranean Wood-Boring Bee (Lithurgus chrysurus) is an insect in the Megachilidae family of wood-boring bees.
The Mediterranean Wood-Boring Bee has a slightly flattened, elongated body. It is black with pale-yellow or white bands. It has six legs, two pairs of wings, and three body parts: (1) head, (2) thorax, and (3) abdomen. Its wings are translucent (see-through). Its body has bristly hairs on its sides.
It grows up to 2 centimetres (one inch) long.
It is native to the Mediterranean region, particularly in oak-pine forests in southern France.
It is diurnal, active during the day. It collects pollen from plants on its hind legs. It is a pollinator, but it does not make honey or honeycombs.
The Mediterranean Wood-Boring Bee does not eat wood. It eats nectar from flowers. Its predators include woodpeckers, bee-eater birds, and other birds.
It is a solitary bee, and does not live in hives or colonies.
It makes its nest in soft and hard wood. It burrows into the wood and nests in rotting wood.
The female lays eggs in cells in the nest. There are walls that separate the cells. These walls are composed of sawdust mixed with saliva.
[Location of photographs: Paris, France]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM