The European Lobster (Homarus gammarus) is a marine (saltwater) clawed crustacean. It is also known as the Common Lobster. It is related to the American Lobster (Homarus americanus). Crustaceans include crabs, crayfish, and shrimps.
The European Lobster is a decapod with ten legs, including a large pair of claws or nippers. It has a hard, blue shell called an exo-skeleton. It has eye-stalks. The shell is covered with pointed tubercles (like mini-teeth). It has gills to breathe oxygen from the sea water. Its abdomen has six segments, ending with a fan-shaped tail called a telson.
It grows to about 60 centimetres (24 inches) long.
The European Lobster is native to the waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and parts of the Black Sea.
It is diurnal, active during the day. It eats plankton and small aquatic animals.
The female carries her eggs for up to 12 months, attached to her swimmerettes or swimming legs.
It lives up to 5 years.
[Location of photographs: Aquarium de Paris-Cinéaqua, France]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM