Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion (Androctonus crassicauda) is a venomous arachnid. An arachnid, like the spider, has eight legs.

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion has grasping front claws, called pedipalps, and a thick, segmented tail that curves over its back. At the end of the tail is a venomous stinger called a telson. It is highly venomous to humans. 

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion is usually reddish-brown in colour, but it can also be brown to black. It does not have an inner skeleton (bones). Instead, like the spider, it has an exo-skeleton – an outer skeleton or shield that protects its body. The exo-skeleton is called the ecdysis. 

It grows to 8-10 centimetres (3-4 inches) in length. 

Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion is native to Egypt and the Middle East, including the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, and Turkey. 

It is nocturnal, active at night. It is fossorial, hiding under rocks or in holes during the day. 

It eats insects, spiders, lizards, and other scorpions. It does not chew its food. Its digestive juices disolves the tissues and membranes of its prey. Lizards, mice, rats, tarantula spiders, and meerkats eat scorpions. 

The Arabian Fat-Tailed Scorpion lives, on average, for 3-8 years.

Photographer: Martina Nicolls


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