The White-Naped Crane (Antigone vipio) is a large wetlands bird in the Gruidae family.
The White-Naped Crane has a grey and white striped neck, and a red face patch. It has a white nape (back of the neck). It has pinkish legs.
It measures about 130 centimetres (51 inches) tall, with a large wingspan of 2 metres (6.5 feet).
The White-Naped Crane is native to Asia, in Mongolia, China and Russia.
It is an insectivore because it mainly eats insects. It also eats seeds, roots, plants, and small mammals.
It congregates in flocks of 30-150 individual birds.
The White-Naped Crane has a breeding, or courtship, display involving dancing, bowing, and jumping. Both males and females dance, and immature birds join the adults.
Male and female cranes make a large nest in tall grass. Females lay a clutch of 2-5 eggs, which both the male and female sit on until they hatch 28–31 days later.
The chicks are precocial, which means that they can run as soon as they hatch. They get their flying feathers within 56–100 days.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM