The European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) is a small passerine song bird in the finch family.
The European Goldfinch has a red face and a black-and-white head. Its back and sides are buff or chestnut brown. It has black wings with a broad yellow bar. Its tail is black and its rump is white.
It measures 12–13 centimetres (5 inches) long with a wingspan of 21–25 centimetres (8–10 inches).
The European Goldfinch is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. It prefers open, partially-wooded lowlands.
It eats seeds, and sometimes insects.
The female makes the nest. She takes a week to build a neat cup-shaped nest, made out of moss and spider silk, in a bush. She lays 4-6 eggs, which hatch after 11-13 days. The male feeds the female as she sits on the eggs. The female feeds the chicks, which gain their feathers after 13-18 days.
[Local of photographs: Tashkent Zoo, Uzbekistan]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM