The African Rhinoceros is a distinctive animal due to its thick, armoured skin and large curved horn. Rhinoceros means ‘nose with a horn.’
The critically endangered Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is also called the Hook-Lipped Rhinoceros. The White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is also called the Square-Lipped Rhinoceros. Most rhinos in zoos are the Southern White Rhinoceros.
Some animals are described as ‘rhinoceros’ in their scientific or common name because they have a horn that looks like a rhinoceros horn.
The Rhino Catfish (Pterygoplichthys scrophus) from South America is a fish with a ridged, armoured body and two horn-like protrusions from its head that looks like the horns of a rhinoceros. The protrusions are actualy nostril flaps so that water doesn’t get up its nose. Its body is completely covered in small plates that look like armour.
The Rhinoceros Iguana (Cyclura cornuta) from the Caribbean, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, is a large, diurnal lizard with a bony horn-like lump on its nose, which looks like a rhinoceros horn. It has a crest of pointed scales from the nape of its neck to to the tip of its tail.
The Rhinoceros Chameleon (Furcifer rhinoceratus) from Madagascar is a chameleon lizard with a horn-like nose.
The Rhinoceros Horned Viper (Bitis nasicornis) is a nocturnal venomous snake from West Africa and Central Africa. It has a narrow, flat, triangular head with a distinctive set of two or three horn-like scales on the end of its nose.
The West African Gaboon Viper (Bitis gabonica rhinoceros) from west Africa is a nocturnal venomous snake. It has a large triangular-shaped cream-coloured head, with a dark blue-black triangle behind and below its eyes. It has a pair of horn-like structures between its nostrils. It is also the largest of all vipers, measuring about 180 centimetres (71 inches) long.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM