The Fennec Fox (Vulpes zerda) is a small canine, or canid, mammal.
The Fennec Fox has a creamy-brown fluffy coat, which keeps it warm at night and cool in the daytime. It has large ears. The soles of its feet have thick fur, which protects them from the hot desert sand.
It measures about 24-41 centimetres (9-16 inches) in length ad 20 centimetres (8 inches) tall.
The Fennec Fox is native to the Sahara region of North Africa, the Sinai Peninsula, southwest Israel (Arava desert), Kuwait, and the Arabian desert. It prefers hot, dry desert regions.
Its large ears have sensitive hearing. It can hear prey moving underground in their burrows.
It is an omnivore, feeding mainly on insects, small mammals, bird eggs, and birds. It usually jumps on its prey. It does not drink much water, and takes it water from food and dewdrops. Its main predators include jackals and eagle owls.
The Fennec Fox is social and lives in families. It mates for life. Families make a large den in the sand to live in with up to 15 different entrances. The female is pregnant for 50-52 days, before giving birth to 1-4 young, called kits. The kits open their eyes 10 days after birth. The kits become independent after 61-70 days.
[Location of photographs: Taronga Zoo, Sydney, Australia]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM