The Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a canine, or canid mammal. It is also known as the Timber Wolf. It is related to the Coyote and the Golden Jackal.
The Grey Wolf has thick, grey-brown mottled fur, but it can be reddish-brown, white, or black. It has a triangular-shaped face with a wide forehead, medium-sized ears, and dark orange-brown eyes.
It measures 105-160 centimetres (41-63 inches) in length and about 85 centimetres (33 inches) tall. Its tail measures 29-50 centimetres (11-20 inches) long.
The Grey Wolf is native to Eurasia and North America. It prefers remote, wilderness regions, away from human activity. It lives in forests, grasslands, and arctic tundras.
It is an apex predator because it has few enemies. Only tigers and humans hunt the Grey Wolf. It has large, strong teeth to feed on livestock, rabbits, hares, foxes, badgers, weasels, marmots, squirrels, mice, and rats. It can break and crush the bones of its prey.
The Grey Wolf can run at 55-70 kilometres per hour (34-43 miles per hour). Some stay in a small territory, while others travel for long distances. It is territorial, chasing away other wolves from its pack.
The Grey Wolf is a social animal, living in small families, called a pack. The pack has 5-11 individuals.
The male and female generally stay together as a pair for life. The female is pregnant for 62-75 days, before giving birth to 5-6 young, called pups. She has the pups in a den so that she can protect them. The young pups are born blind and deaf, and stay in the pack for 10-54 months before leaving to start their own pack.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM