The Common Caucasus Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus colchicus) is a large game bird.
The Common Caucasus Pheasant has a gold or coppery-red and chestnut-brown body with an iridescent sheen of green and purple. It has a long, black tail, flecked with brown feathers. Its wings are white or cream with black bars. Its head is dark-green with a small crest and a distinctive red wattle. It does not have a white neck ring, like other Common Pheasants. The female is dull brown.
It measures 60-89 centimetres (24-35 inches) in length. Its tail measures almost 50 centimetres (20 inches) long.
The Common Pheasant is worldwide, except in Africa, but the Common Caucaus Pheasant is native to the country of Georgia, as well as Turkestan, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. It prefers woodlands, farmlands, scrublands, and wetlands.
It can fly for short distances, but it prefers to run when it is startled.
The Common Caucasus Pheasant looks for food on the ground. It eats fruit, seeds, grain, berries, leaves, insects, lizards, and small birds.
It lives in flocks. The female, called a hen, makes a grass nest under a hedge. She lays 8-15 eggs, which hatch after 22-27 days.
The chicks stay near the hen for several weeks, but leave the nest when they are only a few hours old. After hatching the chicks grow quickly, and can fly after 12–14 days.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM