The Burmese Python (Python bivittatus) is a non-venomous constrictor snake and a reptile.
The Burmese Python is a dark-coloured snake with many brown markings on its back. It has a clearly defined large head with dark eyes. It can also be albino (no pigmentation) or leucistic (partial pigmentation), and can look caramel, whitish, or yellowish. Albino pythons have pink eyes, but leucistic pythons have brown eyes.
It is a very long snake, measuring about 370 centimetres (146 inches) long. The female is thicker and heavier than the male.
The Burmese Python is native to tropical south Asia and south-east Asia in countries such as India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and southern China. It prefers wetlands, such as marshes, swamps, and water holes. It also likes grasslands, woodlands, and jungles.
It is considered to be an invasive species in some countries or regions, such as in the United States of America in the state of Florida.
It prefers water. It is an excellent swimmer, and it can stay underwater for about 30 minutes. It is semi-aquatic, living some of its time in water, but it can also be found in trees. It is also a good climber.
It is mainly nocturnal, active at night.
It is carnivorous, eating birds and mammals. It constricts them (squeezes them to death) before swallowing them. It can eat large mammals, such as pigs and goats. It eats a lot of food.
The female Burmese Python lays 12-36 eggs. She remains with the eggs until they hatch, coiling herself around them to keep them warm and incubated.
The Burmese Python can live to about 20 years in the wild.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM