The Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus) is a large nocturnal bird.
The Snowy Owl is almost all white. The female has more flecks of black on her chest than the male. It has very large yellow eyes, and a black beak. It has feathered feet with sharp claws.
It is one of the largest species of owls in the world. It measures up to 70 centimetres (27.5 inches) tall, with a wingspan of 125-150 centimetres (49-59 inches).
The Snowy Owl is native to Arctic regions in North America and Eurasia. It is nomadic, nesting in the Arctic tundra of Alaska, northern Canada and Eurasia, and migrating to southern Canada in winter.
The Snowy Owl is diurnal, active during the day. Most owls are nocturnal, active at night and sleeping during the day. When the Snowy Owl sits on a perch, it always faces the sun.
It is carnivorous. It eats rodents, such as mice, hares, squirrels, and lemmings. Occasionally, it will eat birds, especially water fowl. Its predators include foxes, dogs, and wolves.
It nests on the ground in a small hollow. The female Snowy Owl lays 3-11 eggs, which hatch after 33-37 days. Both parents care for the chicks. The chicks have black feathers when they are born.
The average lifespan of the Snowy Owl is about 10 years in the wild.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM