The Indian Rock Pigeon (Columba livia intermedia) is a medium-sized game bird. It is also called the Indian Rock Dove.
The Indian Rock Pigeon has a pale grey back and wings, with two black bars on each wing. It has a dark bluish-grey head, neck, and chest, with an iridescent greenish-purple neck and wing feathers. Its eyes are orange, red, or golden, with a blue-grey eye-ring. Its beak is grey-black with a white cere. Its feet are purplish-red. Its tail has a black band. Male and female Indian Rock Pigeons are similar, but the female has less iridescence on her neck.
It measures 29-37 centimetres (11-15 inches) tall, with a wingspan of 62-72 centimetres (24-28 inches).
The Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) is common to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. The Indian Rock Pigeon is native to India, Sri Lanka, and into south-east Asia, such as Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. It prefers various habitats, from open to semi-open areas, to cliffs and rocks, to urban areas close to humans.
It feeds on grain and seeds on the ground in flocks or individually. It is also a scavenger and often eats human food scraps. Its predators include eagles, gulls, crows, and ravens.
The Indian Rock Pigeon can drink continuously, without having to lift its head and tilt it backwards to let the water flow down its throat. It is able to dip its beak in water, and swallow the water.
It is a strong flyer, and glides quite frequently, with its wings in a V-position.
The Rock Pigeon forms a monogamous pair, mating for life. It nests in roofs or on structures, such as statues. Its nest is made of sticks and straw. The female lays 2 white eggs. Both parents sit on the eggs until they hatch after 17-19 days. Both parents look after their young, called squabs.
It lives, on average, for 3-5 years in the wild.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM