The Orange-Headed Ground Thrush (Geokichla citrina) is a common small bird.
The Orange-Headed Ground Thrush is mainly grey, with an orange head and orange upperparts. The female has less orange. It has a white undertail. Its beak is grey, and its legs and feet are brownish-pink.
It measures about 20 centimetres (8 inches) tall.
The Orange-Headed Ground Thrush is native to southeast Asia and India. It prefers woodlands, bamboo forests, parks and gardens, especially shady areas. It is residential, and does not migrate in winter.
It is omnivorous, eating insects, spiders, worms, and fruit. It eats mainly at dawn and dusk.
It does not form flocks or groups, as it is solitary or seen in pairs.
The Orange-Headed Ground Thrush nests in trees. Both the male and female make the cup-shaped nest from twigs and roots, lined with leaves and moss. Females lay 3-5 eggs, which hatch after 13-14 days. The chicks leave the nest after about 12 days.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM