The Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) is also called the Waldrapp Ibis. It is a non-wading bird.
The Northern Bald Ibis has glossy black feathers with an iridescent green and purple sheen. It has a red bald face and head, with a ruff of feathers on its neck. Its red beak is long and downward-curved. It has amber (orange-brown) eyes and pink legs.
It measures 70-80 centimetres (28-31 inches) tall.
The Northern Bald Ibis lives in southern Morocco and Syria. It may be extinct from Europe and the Middle East where it once lived. It prefers rocky, barren and semi-desert habitats or mountain areas. Most ibises are wetland wading birds, living near water sources, but the Northern Bald Ibis is not a wetland wading bird.
The Northern Bald Ibis feeds on insects, lizards, snails, spiders, scorpions, and small mammals in dry grassed areas.
It lives and breeds in colonies and flocks of up to 100 birds. It makes a nest high on a cliff ledge. Females lay 2-3 eggs in a nest made of sticks. The chicks hatch after about 25 days, and gain their feathers within 40-50 days.
It lives for an average of 20-25 years.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM