Asiatic Lion

The Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) is an endangered lion, native only to the Gir Forest of India. It is also known as the Indian Lion.

The Asiatic Lion is a tawny beige colour, with some black speckles. The male has a mane of hair around its head, and the female (lioness) has no mane. It has a fold of skin along its belly, called a belly fold.

Asiatic Lion

Asiatic Lion


It measures 107-120 centimetres (42-47 inches) tall. Its tail measures 79-89 centimetres (31-35 inches) long, with a tuft of hair at the end.

The Asiatic Lion is only found in the Gir National Forest in Gujarat, India, where it is protected in a sanctuary. It prefers forest habitats and savannahs. Males are territorial, defending their territory.

It feeds on wild boar, deer, buffalo, cattle, and small mammals.

Males are solitary or will form a small group of male lions. Males and females are found together during mating season. Females are pregnant for about 110 days, before giving birth to 1-4 live young, called cubs. Cubs live in the female group until they are independent. The cubs are independent after about three years.



Photographer: Martina Nicolls



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