What is the difference between an African Elephant and an Asian Elephant?
The African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) are both land mammals.
The African Elephant has larger ears than the Asian Elephant.
The African Elephant has ears shaped like the continent of Africa; the Asian Elephant has ears shaped like the country of India.
The African Elephant has no frontal hump on its head; the Asian Elephant has a frontal hump on its head.
The African Elephant has very wrinkled skin; the Asian Elephant has skin that is not as wrinkled as the African Elephant.
Both male and female African Elephants have tusks; only the male Asian Elephant has tusks. Female Asian Elephants might have barely visible tushes (seen only when the mouth is open).
The African Elephant is longer than the Asian Elephant.
The African Elephant grows to 750 centimetres (25 feet) in length; the Asian Elephant grows to 650 centimetres (21 feet) in length.
The African Elephant and the Asian Elephant are similar in height; they both have a height of about 275 centimetres (9 feet).
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM