What are the similarities and differences between Cheetahs and African Leopards?
The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) and the African Leopard (Panthera pardus) are both felines – wild cats from Africa.
The Cheetah has a sway-back and the Leopard does not.
|CHEETAHS AND AFRICAN LEOPARDS|
|Cheetahs and leopards are mammals.||Cheetahs are between 1-1.4 meters (3-4 feet) long – leopards are 1-2 meters (3-6 feet) long.|
|Cheetahs and leopards are endothermal (they can control their body temperature).||Cheetahs are about 90 centimeters (35 inches) tall – leopards are about 45-80 centimeters (18-31 inches) tall.|
|Cheetahs and leopards have vertebrae (backbones).||Cheetahs weigh between 36-65 kilograms (79-140 pounds) – leopards weigh between 36-90 kilograms (80-200 pounds).|
|Cheetahs and leopards have insulating fur.||Cheetahs can sprint up to 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour) – leopards can sprint up to 58 kilometers per hour (36 miles per hour).|
|Cheetahs and leopards have live young, called cubs.||Cheetahs have round or oval spots – leopards have irregular shaped spots called rosetttes.|
|Cheetahs and leopards have spotted markings.||Cheetahs have a black tear-shaped line on their face – leopards have no black line on their face.|
|Cheetahs and leopards have long tails, about a meter (3 feet) long.||Cheetahs have small teeth and cannot crunch bones – leopards have strong teeth and can crunch bones.|
|Cheetahs have thin, short whiskers – leopards have thick, longer whiskers|
|Cheetahs have claws that do not retract (they are always visible) – leopards have claws that retract (move in and out).|
|Cheetahs hunt during the day (they are diurnal) – leopards hunt at night (they are nocturnal).|
|Cheetahs don’t climb – leopards can climb as high as 15 meters (50 feet).|
|Cheetahs can’t roar – leopards can roar.|
|Cheetahs don’t like water – leopards are strong swimmers.|
|Cheetahs are not in the African Big Five category – Leopards are in the African Big Five category|
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMIL AR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM