The Scorpion is widespread across the world. The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion (Heterometrus cyaneus), from the Scorpionidae family, is native to tropical Borneo, Phillipines, and Indonesia. It is not an insect (6 legs). It is an arachnid (8 legs).
The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion has an exoskeleton (outer skeleton or armour) which is black-blue and shiny. It has two eyes on top of its head and 2-5 pairs of eyes on the corners of its head.
Its body has two segments: the cephalothorax (head) and the segmented opisthosoma (abdomen). It has a long, segmented tail. Its tail curves forward and over its back, with a stinger on the end. Its two front appendages (like thick antennae) have large pedipalps (claws or pincers) at the end. In has 8 legs, which are attached to the thorax (chest).
The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion is harmless. Its tail stinger causes moderate to severe pain, but usually not death.
It grows to 12-15 centimetres (5-6 inches) long.
The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion prefers tropical rain forests and wetlands, under stones or fallen trees. It is terrestrial, living on the ground.
It is nocturnal (active at night) and fossorial, which means that it digs a shelter and lives underground to avoid predators, such as birds, centipedes, lizards, and rodents.
It feeds on insects and spiders, but it can survive for a long time without food (about six months).
The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion is ovoviviparous. Females have about 8 eggs which remain inside the female’s body until they are ready to hatch. The female looks after her young scorpion by carrying them on her back.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM