What’s the difference between immigrant, emigrant, and migrant?
An immigrant animal is an animal that moves to, or travels to, another country to stay permanently. It becomes established in an area where it was previously unknown. The immigrant country is the country of the animal’s destination.
An emigrant animal is an animal that has left a country that was previously their habitat, usually permanently. The emigrant country is the country that the animal was from.
A migrant animal is an animal that moves from one country, region, or area to another (for breeding, food, safety, etc.) temporarily or permanently. The migrant is the actual animal. It is the mover.
All of the words come from the Latin word, migrare, which means ‘to change one’s home.’