The Red-Rumped Agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) is a rodent mammal (like a rat or guinea pig). It is also known as the Golden-Rumped Agouti, Orange-Rumped Agouti, or Brazilian Agouti.
The Red-Rumped Agouti is a stout brown-furred animal, with darker spots on the upper body. It has a russet-red rump. It has pink ears and a pink nose with a white chin. It has dark eyes. Its front feet are grey-black with four toes, and its back feet have three toes. It has a small tail.
It can grow to 48-64 centimetres (19-25 inches) long.
It is native to northeastern South America, in countries such as Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, northeastern Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Lesser Antilles. It prefers rainforests.
It eats nuts, and it assists in the dispersal of nuts throughout the forest. It eats like a squirrel – it sits on its back legs and holds the nuts in its front legs. It also eats fruit, vegetables, and insects.
It is crepuscular – active at dawn and dusk.
The Red-Rumped Agouti lives in pairs or small family groups. It mates for life.
Females have 1-4 young, after a pregnancy of 104-120 days. The young become independent after about 5 months.
The Red-Rumped Agouti lives for about 15-20 years in captivity.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM