The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, two-hump ungulate (hoofed) mammal, native to Central Asia.
The Bactrian Camel has a dark-brown to sandy-coloured body, a long, curved neck, two humps on its back, and long legs. The humps have long, woolly hair. It has a mane and a beard of long hair. It has small, rounded ears, and large eyes. It has bushy eyebrows and double-layered eyelashes to prevent sand getting in its eyes. It has two toes on each padded hoof.
The Bactrian Camel is the largest living camel. It grows to 2.3 metres (7.5 feet) tall.
The Bactrian Camel prefers rocky mountains, flat deserts, and sand dunes. It can live in dry climates with limited water. It is diurnal (active during the day). It is herbivorous, feeding on thorns and desert vegetation. It is also a ruminate, chewing its cud. Cud is regurgitated food (food that is chewed for the second time).
The Bactrian Camel is migratory and lives in small groups. Females are pregnant for about 13 months before giving birth to one or two babies, called calves. Young Bactrian camels are precocial, which means that they can stand and run shortly after birth. They drink their mother’s milk for about 1.5 years.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM