The Savanna Baboon (Papio cynocephalus), or Yellow Baboon) is a large terrestrial primate found in south-central and eastern Africa.
The Savanna Baboon is thick, rough, brown fur on its body, with a hairless face that has a protruding nose. It has a short tail and rough patches on their buttocks (called ischial callosities) that provide a pad for sitting.
It can grow to 50 centimetres (20 inches) tall.
The Savanna Baboon is omnivorous, eating almost anything, although it prefers leaves and insects. They are foragers, which means that they eat at irregular times throughout the day and night. Animals that eat them include the Nile crocodile, lion, hyena, leopard, and cheetah.
Most baboons live in hierarchical groups called troops, varying fro 5-250 individuals. Male baboons compete for dominance within a troop, and are very protective of their group. Different troops avoid each other, staying in their own territorial space.
Females are pregnant for six months before giving birth to one baby. The young baboon will stay close to its mother, riding on her back as she walks along the ground. They will leave their mother after about one year.
Baboons in captivity have been known to live up to 45 years, while in the wild their life expectancy is about 30 years.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM